The first Myanmar Empire of the 11th Century based in Bagan left remnants of its glory not in forts or palaces but in the thousands of pagodas, stupas (Zedi) and temples. (Pagodas are any place of worship regardless of shape, size or design. Stupas or Zedi are pointed spires in all sizes with a gem-crusted ornate crown called umbrella at the tip. Temples are square-based halls of various levels, including those called ‘cave; temples a term given to caves on the side of hills or some buildings with very little natural light.)
According to the 1993 report by the Department of Archaeology, 2230 remain plus ordination halls and meditation centers, all living places of worship throughout the past centuries.